Start culturing your own live algae or algae mixes for your cultures. Effective for; freshwater, marine or brackish, Rotifer, Copepods, Amphipods, or Spirulina.
- Culture Flask (50ml)
- Culture Salts (for marine algae)
- Culture Nutrients & Vitamins (1ml)
- Algae Culture (size selected)
- Culture Instructions
Chlorella vulgaris, a single celled green alga.
One of the most studied genera of algae, Chlorella has been used to understand energy metabolism. This freshwater alga was employed in the 1940-1950s by Otto Warburg in Germany to build an understanding of respiration and photosynthesis. His work was expanded upon by Melvin Calvin, James Bassham, and Andrew Benson, using radioactively labelled carbon (C14) at the University of California, Berkley. There work led to the understanding of carbon fixation (turning non-biological carbon into new organic molecules). Many people believe Chlorella could serve as a potential source of food and energy because its photosynthetic efficiency is very high, compared to other crops such as sugar cane.
Chlorella is a freshwater genus of single-cell green algae belonging to the phylum Chlorophyta. Its is spherical in shape, about 2 to 10μm in diameter, and does not have flagella. Chlorella contains the green photosynthetic pigments chlorophyll-a and -b in its chloroplast. Through photosynthesis, it multiplies rapidly, requiring only carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and a small number of minerals to reproduce.
Scendesmus – Green (freshwater)
Scendesmus is the worlds most common freshwater species with over 74 accepted species identified. This single celled alga is found in small groups of 2-8 which are called coenobium.
Scendesmus is one of the algas being researched as a potential biofuel. There is some evidence that the high lipid levels can be accumulated for bio-diesel. Also, bio-hydrogen has shown support for the hydrogen industry. Additionally, some microalgae have shown that ethanol can be produced from it, this can be done either in vivo or by fermentation.
Scendesmusis commonly found in wastewater, it has the ability to pick up large amounts of nitrate and phosphates from the water. This makes it great for freshwater aquariums consuming liquid fish waste cleaning those unwanted components from the tank water. Also, it can be used to treat wastewater where fuel has leached into the soil from underground storage tanks etc.
Haematococcus pluvialis – Green (freshwater and coastal brackish)
3 Major Health Benefits of Astaxanthin; Astaxanthin is known to powerfully enhance brain function, eye health, immunity and joint function among other things. The greatest natural source for astaxanthin is in the unique microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis. Safety of an antihistamine-rich Haematococcus pluvialis algal extract: a randomized clinical trial. A growing body of scientific literature indicates that astaxanthin is a more powerful antioxidant than other carotenoids and vitamin E and may confer numerous health benefits. The green algae H. pluvialis makes high amounts of astaxanthin when its condition is unfavourable, including high UV exposure, which is why astaxanthin has strong anti-oxidative properties (R).
Anabaena variabilis – Green (freshwater) cyanobacteria
Anabaena variabilis is a species of filamentous cyanobacteria. This species of the genus Anabaena and the domain Eubacteria is capable of photosynthesis. This species is also known to be heterotrophic in that it may grow without light in the presence of fructose. It also can convert atmospheric dinitrogen to ammonia via nitrogen fixation.
Anabaena variabilis is a phylogenic-cousin of the more well-known species Nostoc spirillum. Both of these species along with many other cyanobacteria are known to form symbiotic relationships with plants. Other cyanobacteria are known to form symbiotic relationships with diatoms, though no such relationship has been observed with Anabaena variabilis.
Anabaena variabilis is also a model organism for studying the beginnings of multicellular life due to its filamentous characterization and cellular-differentiation capabilities.
Animals that eat these microalgae then absorb astaxanthin into their bodies, which is why wild shrimp, lobster, crab, and salmon have bright red-orange colours.